Peru is the third largest country in South America and one of the most complete regarding ecosystems. It is divided in a coastal region, mainly deserted, and a montanious one where the Andean mountain range and the Amazonian region are located, something that constitutes more than half of the country’s surface.
The Peruvian Andean mountain range it’s divided in different mountain ranges. Among them we must highlight, from north to south, the White Mountain Range, close to Huaraz and the highest elevation in the country, the Huascarán (6768 m); the Huayhuash Mountain Range, one of the wildest in the country and where the second highest mountain in Perú, the Yerupajá (6617 m), is located; the Central Mountain Range, which forms a scattered group of small solids; Vilcabamba and Urubamba mountain ranges, close to Cuzco, which encompass the mythical Incan city of Machu Picchu, with its highest elevation, the Salcantay (6272 m); the Vilcanota Mountain Range, with its main mountain, the Nevado Ausangate (6374 m); and finally the mountain ranges in Arequipa’s volcanic region, where Chila Mountain Range, where the Amazon river is born, stands out, Ampato Mountain Range and Volcanic Mountain Range, with volcanos which surpass the 6000 meters range as the Chachani (6075 m) or the Coropuna (6425 m).
The Amazonian region has a warm and humid climate and includes the Amazon’ shores, as well as its main tributaries: the Ucayali river and the Mother of God. The most popular areas included in the tourist routes are the regions near Iquitos city, in the north of the country, and Mother of God’s shores, close to Puerto Maldonado city, located in southern Peru.
During our tourist experimental trips we will be able to live with native communities in different regions of the country. From the Quechua communities who live at the foot of the Andean mountains, with its religious traditions that mix Incan ancestral traditions and Christian influence, to the Amazonian communities where the ethnic groups form almost 13 linguistic groups which differ depending on the Amazonian area they are living in.
According to its geographical location (in the tropical zone of the southern hemisphere), Peru should have a warm, humid and rainy climate. However, the presence of the Andean Mountain Range, the South Pacific anticyclonic circulation and the cold stream that comes from Humbolt have determined the atmospheric conditions, creating a wide range of climates. In the coast it hardly rains, with an average yearly temperature which swings between 14ºC and 18ºC. In the mountain ranges and the jungle it is a dry or summery season (May-October) in which there are lots of sunny days, and another rainy season between December and March (“the winter”). The mountain ranges have a dry and fresh climate, with an average yearly temperature that swings between 9ºC and 18ºC, while the jungle has a tropical climate with temperatures that swing between 26ºC and 40ªC. In the Andean highest peaks, minimum temperatures below -20ºC may be registered.
Places to visit
One of the main tourist attractions in Peru, apart from its exuberant nature, is its cultural and archeological richness. Here, the Incan civilization developed and reached its highest glory, which has left behind important archeological remains, especially in Cuzco’s region.
Machu Picchu – Incan sanctuary par excellence and one of the seven wonders of mankind. Tourist icon in Peru.
Incan Path– A path which goes through the Andean Mountain Range in four days until reaching Machu Picchu’s citadel. One of the most popular trekkings.
Holy Incan Valley – Over Vilcanota river we can find charming small villages with plenty of Incan remains as Pisac, Moray, Urubamba or Ollantaytambo.
Titicaca Lake and Floating Islands – The highest navigable lake in the world, shared with Bolivia, offers the possibility of observing the ancestral traditions of its inhabitants and stay overnight with a family in one of its biggest islands.
Colca and Arequipa Canyons – Surrounded by impressive volcanos, the White city leads to an spectacular canyon, of the deepest in the planet and natural habitat for the condor.
Huaraz and the White and Huayhuash mountain ranges – The most spectacular mountain ranges in the country, with no doubt. A paradise for trekking and hiking, with endless posibilities regarding levels and difficulty.
Trujillo and Chiclayo – Archaeology, culture, folkore and beaches.
Chachapoyas and Tarapoto – The city of Kuelap, Gocta’s waterfall, the highest in Peru with its 770 meters, and Tarapoto’s tropical forests.
Manu’s National Park – Natural reserve close to Cuzco. Jungle and observation tours for wild fauna.
Maldonado Port – One of the most popular areas for touring into the jungle, as well as going for a walk and riding a rowboat in the Mother of God and its tributaries.
Iquitos – Capital city of Loreto, established over the Amazon river. It offers big jungle experiences for the adventurer, expeditions and cohabitation with native communities.