Peru

Peru_Machu-Picchu

Peru’s ecosystems

Peru is the third largest country in South America and one of the most complete regarding ecosystems. It is divided in a coastal region, mainly deserted, and a montanious one where the Andean mountain range and the Amazonian region are located, something that constitutes more than half of the country’s surface.

The Peruvian Andean mountain range it’s divided in different mountain ranges. Among them we must highlight, from north to south, the White Mountain Range, close to Huaraz and the highest elevation in the country, the Huascarán (6768 m); the Huayhuash Mountain Range, one of the wildest in the country and where the second highest mountain in Perú, the Yerupajá (6617 m), is located; the Central Mountain Range, which forms a scattered group of small solids; Vilcabamba and Urubamba mountain ranges, close to Cuzco, which encompass the mythical Incan city of Machu Picchu, with its highest elevation, the Salcantay (6272 m); the Vilcanota Mountain Range, with its main mountain, the Nevado Ausangate (6374 m); and finally the mountain ranges in Arequipa’s volcanic region, where Chila Mountain Range, where the Amazon river is born, stands out, Ampato Mountain Range and Volcanic Mountain Range, with volcanos which surpass the 6000 meters range as the Chachani (6075 m) or the Coropuna (6425 m).

The Amazonian region has a warm and humid climate and includes the Amazon’ shores, as well as its main tributaries: the Ucayali river and the Mother of God. The most popular areas included in the tourist routes are the regions near Iquitos city, in the north of the country, and Mother of God’s shores, close to Puerto Maldonado city, located in southern Peru.

The people

During our tourist experimental trips we will be able to live with native communities in different regions of the country. From the Quechua communities who live at the foot of the Andean mountains, with its religious traditions that mix Incan ancestral traditions and Christian influence, to the Amazonian communities where the ethnic groups form almost 13 linguistic groups which differ depending on the Amazonian area they are living in.

Climate

According to its geographical location (in the tropical zone of the southern hemisphere), Peru should have a warm, humid and rainy climate. However, the presence of the Andean Mountain Range, the South Pacific anticyclonic circulation and the cold stream that comes from Humbolt have determined the atmospheric conditions, creating a wide range of climates. In the coast it hardly rains, with an average yearly temperature which swings between 14ºC and 18ºC. In the mountain ranges and the jungle it is a dry or summery season (May-October) in which there are lots of sunny days, and another rainy season between December and March (“the winter”). The mountain ranges have a dry and fresh climate, with an average yearly temperature that swings between 9ºC and 18ºC, while the jungle has a tropical climate with temperatures that swing between 26ºC and 40ªC. In the Andean highest peaks, minimum temperatures below -20ºC may be registered.

Places to visit

One of the main tourist attractions in Peru, apart from its exuberant nature, is its cultural and archeological richness. Here, the Incan civilization developed and reached its highest glory, which has left behind important archeological remains, especially in Cuzco’s region.

Machu Picchu – Incan sanctuary par excellence and one of the seven wonders of mankind. Tourist icon in Peru.

Incan Path– A path which goes through the Andean Mountain Range in four days until reaching Machu Picchu’s citadel. One of the most popular trekkings.

Holy Incan Valley – Over Vilcanota river we can find charming small villages with plenty of Incan remains as Pisac, Moray, Urubamba or Ollantaytambo.

Titicaca Lake and Floating Islands – The highest navigable lake in the world, shared with Bolivia, offers the possibility of observing the ancestral traditions of its inhabitants and stay overnight with a family in one of its biggest islands.

Colca and Arequipa Canyons – Surrounded by impressive volcanos, the White city leads to an spectacular canyon, of the deepest in the planet and natural habitat for the condor.

Huaraz and the White and Huayhuash mountain ranges – The most spectacular mountain ranges in the country, with no doubt. A paradise for trekking and hiking, with endless posibilities regarding levels and difficulty.

Trujillo and Chiclayo – Archaeology, culture, folkore and beaches.

Chachapoyas and Tarapoto – The city of Kuelap, Gocta’s waterfall, the highest in Peru with its 770 meters, and Tarapoto’s tropical forests.

Manu’s National Park – Natural reserve close to Cuzco. Jungle and observation tours for wild fauna.

Maldonado Port  – One of the most popular areas for touring into the jungle, as well as going for a walk and riding a rowboat in the Mother of God and its tributaries.

Iquitos – Capital city of Loreto, established over the Amazon river. It offers big jungle experiences for the adventurer, expeditions and cohabitation with native communities.

Facebook

Twitter

YouTube

Google Plus

Follow Me on Pinterest
  • #Tromsø, a beautiful city in the #arctic #Norway // Tromsø, una bella ciudad en el #ártico #noruego http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • #Killer #whales at #Ersford // #Orca en #Ersfjord http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • Aurora Borealis at #Ersfjord, #Norway // Aurora boreal en Ersfjord, #Noruega http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • #Reindeer raid in Northern #Norway // Trineo de Renos en el norte de #Noruega http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • The amazing #aurora borealis over our base camp near #Tromsø // La increíble #aurora boreal sobre nuestro campamento base cerca de Tromsø http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • #Whales feeding at #Ersfjord, northern #Norway // #Ballenas alimentándose en Ersfjord, norte de #Noruega http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • #Humpback #whale jumping in the coast of northern #Norway // #Ballena jorobada en la costa del norte de #Noruega http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • Killer #whale at #Ersfjord, #Norway // #Orca en #Ersfjord, #Noruega http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • #Aurora #borealis from our base station near Tromsø // #Aurora #boreal desde nuestra estación base cerca de #Tromsø http://x-ploregroup.com/holiday/norway-aurora-borealis-and-whales-the-magic-of-the-arctic/

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014
  • Tromsø

    Pinned: 22 Nov 2014

Instagram

Follow Me on Instagram
  • Buenos días desde #Groenlandia! Estamos en plena exploración, buena temperatura y mucha energía! #Groenlandia #greenland #adventure #ice #explorersconnect #earthpics #maravillasdelmundo #naturaleza #iceberg

    xploretravel: "Buenos días desde #Groenlandia! Estamos en plena exploración, buena temperatura y mucha energía!

#Groenlandia #greenland
#adventure
#ice #explorersconnect #earthpics #maravillasdelmundo #naturaleza #iceberg"
    33
    1
  • Estamos aterrizando en Kulusuk, #Groenlandia. Comienza una nueva expedición X-plore!

    xploretravel: "Estamos aterrizando en Kulusuk, #Groenlandia. Comienza una nueva expedición X-plore!"
    12
    0
  • EXPEDICIÓN FOTOGRÁFICA YAMALIA 2018 Una aventura única en uno de los lugares más inhóspitos de la tierra https://t.co/nT9d3Q8A7c #neverstopexploring #photography #instatravel #travelgram #yamal #russia #mountaneering #inuit #nomadlife #nenets #wonderfulworld #siberia

    xploretravel: "EXPEDICIÓN FOTOGRÁFICA YAMALIA 2018 Una aventura única en uno de los lugares más inhóspitos de la tierra
https://t.co/nT9d3Q8A7c #neverstopexploring #photography #instatravel #travelgram #yamal #russia #mountaneering #inuit #nomadlife #nenets #wonderfulworld #siberia"
    31
    0
  • Hoy os traemos la noticia de una nueva aventura en la que nos embarcamos desde X-plore Viajes y Expediciones como patrocinadores de la Mars Gaming Northabout Expedition. Se trata de una iniciativa cultural y viajera que pretende concienciar a la sociedad sobre la necesidad de luchar contra la amenaza del siglo XX. Comenzará el 14 de julio y estará dirigido por el explorador británico David Hempleman 💪 #artico #arctic #climatechange #expedition #cambioclimatico

    xploretravel: "Hoy os traemos la noticia de una nueva aventura en la que nos embarcamos desde X-plore Viajes y Expediciones como patrocinadores de la Mars Gaming Northabout Expedition. Se trata de una iniciativa cultural y viajera que pretende concienciar a la sociedad sobre la necesidad de luchar contra la amenaza del siglo XX. Comenzará el 14 de julio y estará dirigido por el explorador británico David Hempleman 💪

#artico #arctic #climatechange #expedition #cambioclimatico"
    28
    0
  • Launching Photographical Expedition with the last siberian Nomads 2018. Book now! ➡ https://t.co/LshbDgxXpY #neverstopexploring #photography #phototrip #nenet #yamal #adventuretime #travelgram

    xploretravel: "Launching Photographical Expedition with the last siberian Nomads 2018. Book now! ➡ https://t.co/LshbDgxXpY 
#neverstopexploring #photography #phototrip #nenet #yamal #adventuretime #travelgram"
    22
    0
  • Expedición X-plore a Groenlandia del pasado mes de Abril. Sin duda Groenlandia es la magia del #Ártico, un destino mítico al que nunca dejaremos de regresar. #groenlandia #greenland #arctic #neverstopexploring

    xploretravel: "Expedición X-plore a Groenlandia del pasado mes de Abril. Sin duda Groenlandia es la magia del #Ártico, un destino mítico al que nunca dejaremos de regresar.

#groenlandia #greenland #arctic #neverstopexploring"
    25
    0
  • Very sad day. Heroes cannot die. One of the greats in mountaineering and our inspiration. Dep Ueli Steck. #ripuelisteck

    xploretravel: "Very sad day. Heroes cannot die. One of the greats in mountaineering and our inspiration. Dep Ueli Steck. #ripuelisteck"
    16
    1
  • Sólo en la aventura algunas personas llegan a conocerse. André Gide. #photooftheday #naturelove #friendship #aventura

    xploretravel: "Sólo en la aventura algunas personas llegan a conocerse. André Gide.

#photooftheday #naturelove #friendship #aventura"
    14
    0
  • Tribus tradicionales, paisajes únicos, bosques de ensueño, gorilas, cultura, aventura. Desde 485€ 👉 https://goo.gl/pKkoeC #indonesia #adventuretime

    xploretravel: "Tribus tradicionales, paisajes únicos, bosques de ensueño, gorilas, cultura, aventura. Desde 485€ 👉 https://goo.gl/pKkoeC

#indonesia #adventuretime"
    9
    0
  • Practicando técnicas de pesca ancestrales con los inuit en #Groenlandia hace unos días, durante la última expedición. #neverstopexploring #fishing #inuit #pescando #antropologia #viajesdeaventura #naturelover

    xploretravel: "Practicando técnicas de pesca ancestrales con los inuit en #Groenlandia hace unos días, durante la última expedición.

#neverstopexploring #fishing #inuit #pescando #antropologia #viajesdeaventura #naturelover"
    20
    0