Tibet has been one of the most inaccessible places on Earth for centuries. Its culture, spirituality and landscapes have catch the eye of every traveler. Tibet is situated in a plateau and is surrounded by the highest mountain ranges on Earth. What it is known today as Tibet is in fact a portion of the historical Tibet, named Tibet Autonomous Region, and belongs to China.
Traveling to Tibet is synonym of adventure, with its hardest, remotest and wildest routes on all Asia. Everything is superlative in this place. Here you can find the highest mountains, treks and lakes of the world, the deepest gorge, and the springs of the longest rivers of Asia are found here too. The height conditions everything: the climate, flora and fauna, as well as its people and traditions.
Geography and nature
Tibetan plateau is delimited by the natural barrier that the Himalaya forms at the South, the Karakorum at the West, Tanggula mountains in the East and in the North the Kunlun, Altun Shan mountains, Nan Shan and Taklamakan dessert. The West zone is dominated by glacier originated lakes and the big rivers to the east. This difference has influenced notabily the way of life of Tibetans. West population is more agriculture oriented and in the east they are still nomads.
The Tibetan landscape is dominated by high altitude deserts and broad meadows. The wildlife is abundant and includes Himalayan vultures, ospreys, bar-headed geese, cranes , yaks, Tibetan donkeys, Barales, gazelles, foxes, wolves and the elusive snow leopard.
The climate is cold and dry. And at an average altitude of over 4500 meters can be described as extreme. Climatic conditions vary depending on the height and the region. The high light intensity and high winds also determine the weather.
The best time to visit is in the months of April, May and September to November. In summer Tibet is not so affected by the monsoons than neighboring countries due to the natural barrier of the Himalayas, but it still is the rainiest season of all the year.
The Tibetans have a unique identity that mixes influences from different cultures around them. It is a deeply religious society that refuses to abandon their old traditions. Religion influences every aspect of their life, so it is advisable to know minimally Buddhist culture to understand the thinking, lifestyle and Tibetan traditions.
There are three different ways of life within Tibetan society: the “drokpa” (nomads), the “rongpa” (farmers) and “Shangha” (monks and nuns). In addition, there are various ethnic subgroups differentiated by cultural features, clothing and linguistic variations. Some of these groups are the Golok, Khampa or Topa.
What places we visit?
Lhasa and surroundings. The capital of Tibet is the spiritual and cultural heart of Tibet. Throughout history in its outskirts the most important cultural and power centers were concentrated.
The route of friendship. The route that connects Lhasa with the border with Nepal is the most popular Tibetan route and one of the most spectacular of Asia. It even connects many of the most touristic areas that Tibet has to offer.
Everest Base Camp. Located 5,000 meters above sea level, adventurers can camp near the majestic north face of the highest mountain on the planet: the Qomolangma, name given to Mount Everest in Tibetan language.
Mount Kailash. The axis of world for the cultures that venerate it and its also the father of four great rivers of Asia. It is the most sacred mountain in the whole continent, and out of respect for those cultures has never been climbed. Encircle it by walking through the pilgrimage path (kora) and it will will free from every sin that we have committed according to local beliefs.
Kingdom of Guge. The enigmatic ruins of the citadel of Tsaparang dominate the spectacular scenery of the far west corner of Tibet. These ruins are the only evidence of a great civilization unknown until recent decades.
Specilists on Tibet
X-plore organizes trips to Tibet that fit your needs. If you don’t find a trip that suits you, just ask us and we will help you.